News

Latest research update from Chibas (march 2016)

 

Chibas is now using state of the art Genomic assisted selection in its Jatropha breeding program.

Jatropha is a crop being domesticated at Chibas where we are breeding to create new edible Jatropha hybrids.  These hybrids take advantage of high levels of heterosis (hybrid vigor) in Jatropha curcas both for yield and rusticity (ability to perform well under stressful environments).

Thanks to our collaboration with the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign we have genotyped our population using state of the art genotyping by sequencing.  This technique is being used to shorten the length of our breeding cycles and increased our genetic gain per year.

We hope to release the first edible Jatropha hybrid in the next couple of years.

 

Full substitution of soymeal by edible Jatropha meal achieved

Thanks to financial support from the Haitian ministry of agriculture and Laval University (with support from the Canadian Ministry of foreign affairs) we now have fully replaced soymeal by edible Jatropha meal in broilers diet.

We show that there is almost no penalty on growth rhythm, and no penalty on the feed conversion ratio and on the health of the chicken.

We are continuing our work to improve the formula and we are also conducting trials in layers.

Because edible Jatropha meal is so rich in proteins (and the amino acid composition is so close to that of fish meal, apart for lysine and methionine that can be added) we believe we could develop a fish feed containing no animal flour.

A revolution is on its way at Chibas to create the proteins of the future

Sweet edible Jatropha almond butter tastes amazingly good too (we haven’t tried Jatropha tofu yet)

 

Breeding for tolerance to the sorghum “sugar cane aphid” (Melanaphis sacchari) in a multipurpose sweet sorghum variety

We are developing multipurpose sorghum varieties with high grain yield and very high levels of tolerance to Melanaphis sacchari (under very high infestation levels)

We are pretty close to fixing some lines with over 4 tons per hectares of grain yield, high stem sugar concentration (brix >17) with juicy stems under low input environments.  These varieties can be used for alcohol or syrup production while simultaneously producing a high grain yield.

 

Starting our new legume program

Chibas just recruited a new legume breeder (Dr Raphael Colbert) that will be conducting our bean, peanut and pigeon pea programs

 

Starting our maize program

In partnership with ORE (www.oreworld.org) and CIMMYT we are also just starting our maize program.  

More soon….

 

Older updates 

 

Port-au-Prince, December 10, 2010.

Short document: CHIBAS 2010 update

 

Port-au-Prince, October 10, 2008. The Ministry of Agriculture and CHIBAS signed an agreement defining CHIBAS' public mission

signature-marndr-chibas

The document was signed between Haiti's Ministry of Agriculture, Natural resources and Rural Development (MARNDR) and CHIBAS on Friday October 10, 2008.

The purpose of this agreement is to set forth the understandings and intentions of MARNDR and CHIBAS with regard to shared goals in promoting, developing and releasing the technologies needed for a biofuel success story to the benefit of Haiti’s resource poor farmers and economy.

CHIBAS engaged itself to train young Haitian plant breeders and to share the improved varieties and technologies that will be developed with MARNDR and the public schools of Agriculture. MARNDR will provide its institutional support to CHIBAS.

A PDF copy for the agreement is posted on CHIBAS' website http://www.chibas-bioenergy.org/chibas-marndr.pdf 

 

Port-au-Prince, October 9, 2008 

The French embassy in Haiti has awarded to USLOFRADES (Association of St Louis immigrants in France) and CHIBAS a grant to fund a pilot and feasibility study on Jatropha curcas’ potential as a bioenergy crop adaptable to sustainable smallholder production systems around Saint-Louis du Sud. The French Embassy will contribute 46,000 €, and USLOFRADES 19,200 €, to this project. 

 

Patancheru, India, September 14, 2007

ICRISAT MOUA Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) is made between the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Centro Hispaniola de Investigación en Bioenergia y Agricultura Sostenible (CHIBAS) to engage in cooperative activities of common interest and mutual benefit.

The purpose of this MOU is to set forth the understandings and intentions of Chibas and ICRISAT with regard to shared goals and to facilitate collaboration initially in the following areas:

1. Research on high-yielding, dual-purpose sweet sorghum varieties and hybrids

2. Research on improved breeding methodologies

3. Research sustainable agricultural practices for sweet sorghum cultivation(e.g. intercropping) 

Read more from ICRISAT happenings

 
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